Generic Pentasa (Mesalamine)
Pentasa
Pentasa is a medication to treat ulcerative colitis.
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400 mg x 30 pills
$65.99
$2.20
$0.00
400 mg x 60 pills
$113.99
$1.90
$18.00
400 mg x 90 pills
$157.99
$1.76
$39.60
400 mg x 120 pills
$192.99
$1.61
$70.80
400 mg x 180 pills
$262.99
$1.46
$133.20
Product Description

Pentasa - are mistaken

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Common use

Pentasa is a medication to treat ulcerative colitis. It belogs to the group of medications called aminosalicytates. It works by inhibiting the production of inflammatory chemicals in the lining of the colon. It descreases the production of prostaglandins and leukotrienes, chemicals that lead to the inflammation caused by ulcerative colitis.



Dosage and directions

Take is exactly as directed by your doctor. Follow all recommendations. Do not crush, break, or chew a mesalamine tablet or capsule. Swallow the pill whole.Call your doctor if you find undissolved tablets in your stool.



Precautions

Discuss with your doctor if you have pyloric stenosis, allergy to sulfasalazine, congestive heart failure, liver or kidney disease.



Contraindications

Do not use the medicine if you have allergy to mesalamine or aspirin or other salicylates. Before using it discuss with you doctor if you have liver or kidney disease, pyloric stenosis, congestive heart failure, or a history of allergy to sulfasalazine.



Possible side effects

The severe side effects include: severe stomach pain, cramping, fever, headache, and bloody diarrhea. Less serious are mild nausea, vomiting, stomach cramps, diarrhea, gas; fever, sore throat, or other flu symptoms; constipation; headache or dizziness; tired feeling; or skin rash.





Drug interaction

Tell your doctor about all other medications you may use, especially azathioprine (Imuran) or mercaptopurine (Purinethol); pentamidine (Nebupent, Pentam); tacrolimus (Prograf); amphotericin B (Fungizone, AmBisome, Amphotec, Abelcet); antibiotics (capreomycin (Capastat), rifampin (Rifadin, Rimactane, Rifater), vancomycin (Vancocin, Vancoled); antiviral medicines such as acyclovir (Zovirax), adefovir (Hepsera), cidofovir (Vistide), or foscarnet (Foscavir); cancer medicine such as aldesleukin (Proleukin), carmustine (BiCNU, Gliadel), cisplatin (Platinol), ifosfamide (Ifex), oxaliplatin (Eloxatin), streptozocin (Zanosar), or tretinoin (Vesanoid); or aspirin or other NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), diclofenac (Voltaren), etodolac (Lodine), indomethacin, nabumetone (Relafen), naproxen (Aleve, Naprosyn), piroxicam (Feldene), and others.



Missed dose

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.



Overdose

Seek urgent medical help if you overdosed Pentasa. Overdose symptoms are ringing in your ears, dizziness, headache, confusion, drowsiness, sweating, shortness of breath, vomiting, and diarrhea.



Storage

Store at room temperature, between 68 and 77 degrees F (20 and 25 degrees C) away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep it out of the reach of children and away from pets.



Disclaimer

We provide only general information about medications which does not cover all directions, possible drug integrations, or precautions. Information at the site cannot be used for self-treatment and self-diagnosis. Any specific instructions for a particular patient should be agreed with your health care adviser or doctor in charge of the case. We disclaim reliability of this information and mistakes it could contain. We are not responsible for any direct, indirect, special or other indirect damage as a result of any use of the information on this site and also for consequences of self-treatment.
Antibiotics

Antibiotics is one of most prescribed group of medications. Antibiotics are antibacterial (antimicrobial agents) that kills bacteria(bactericidal) or stop the growth of the bacteria(bacteriostatic action).

Antibiotics are used to treat bacterial infections and are not indicated for the viral infections. Currently there is a big variety of antibiotics available. All the antibiotics are divided into two main groups according to the action mechanism:

  • Antibiotics with bactericidal action(penicillins, cephalosporins, aminoglycoside)
  • Antibacterial with bacteriostatic action(macrolides, tetracyclines)

Penicillins and cephalospororins are the most prescribed group of antibiotics. They belong to half-synthetic beta lactam antibiotics. These antibiotics work by inhibiting the enzymes responsible for the production of peptidoglycan. Peptidoglycan is a biopolimer that is a main structural component of the bacterial cell wall. The blockage of peptidoglycan synthesis leads to the lysis of the microorganisms.

Another group of preparations are aminoglycosides. However, these antibiotics are prescribed in rare cases. The most of aminoglycosides possesses nephrotoxicity, ototoxicity and cab cause neuromuscular blockage. Bactericidal action of aminoglycosides is related to the interfering with the synthesis of proteins on the ribisomes in the microbial cells. When aminoglycosides are used with penicillins and cephalosporins the sinergism against gram-positive and gram-negative microorganisms is observed.

Among all bacteriostatic antibiotics macrolides and tetracyclines are the most indicated groups. Therapeutic effect of macrolides is associated with inhibiting the synthesis of proteins on the ribosomes in the microbial cell. As usual macrolides exert bacteriostatic action, however in high amounts are able to exert bactericidal action on some microorganisms. Besides antibacterial action, some macrolides possesses immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory action.

Another group of bacteriostatic antibiotics are used less frequently as many microorganisms became resistant to the this type of antibiotics. Bacteriostatic effect of the tetracyclines is associated with inhibiting the synthesis of proteins. Tetracycline are indicated in clamydia infections, rickettsial disease, some zoonosis, severe acne.

Antibiotics are indicated and used only in the cases of the bacteria is sensitive to the antibiotics. There some specific tests like antibiogram that will help to determine the right antibiotic and corresponding dose.